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Job Gains and Losses

Each month the Labor Department releases a report showing how many new jobs have been…

  • November 8, 2019

Each month the Labor Department releases a report showing how many new jobs have been gained across the country. But other reports show job losses. One report puts the two figures together, and it shows the “net” job gains or losses.

According to this report, from December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments were 7.4 million, a decrease of 393,000 jobs from the previous quarter.

Over this period, gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 6.9 million, a decrease of 107,000 jobs from the previous quarter.

The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 525,000 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2019.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy.

Business Employment Dynamics statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next.

The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment.

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class.

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